Google said that a cyber spying campaign originating in China had targeted Gmail accounts of senior US officials, military personnel, journalists and Chinese political activists.
"We recently uncovered a campaign to collect user passwords, likely through phishing," Google security team engineering director Eric Grosse said in a blog post.
"The goal of this effort seems to have been to monitor the contents of these users' emails, with the perpetrators apparently using stolen passwords to change peoples' forwarding and delegation settings," he said.
The campaign appeared to originate in Jinan, China, Grosse said, and targeted the personal Gmail accounts of hundreds of users of Google's free Web-based email service.
Those affected included senior US government officials, Chinese political activists, military personnel, journalists and officials in several Asian countries, predominately South Korea, he said.
"Google detected and has disrupted this campaign to take users' passwords and monitor their emails," Grosse said.
"We have notified victims and secured their accounts," he continued. "In addition, we have notified relevant government authorities."
The "phishing" ruse used to trick Gmail users into revealing account names and passwords reportedly involved sending booby-trapped messages that appeared to come from legitimate associates, friends or organizations.
Links to supposedly view or download email attachments led people to fake Gmail login pages where entered information was harvested and then used to secretly get into accounts, a report connected to the blog post indicated.
Google said the California-based firm's systems and servers were not attacked.
There was no indication whether the Gmail spying campaign was related to a China-based cyberattack on Google that prompted the company early last year to stop bowing to internet censors in that nation.
Google essentially handicapped itself in the booming China market by shifting mainland Chinese users of its Chinese-language search engine Google.cn to an uncensored site in former British colony Hong Kong.
Google's decision came after the company, whose motto is "Don't Be Evil," threatened to close its Chinese operations because of censorship and cyberattacks it said originated from China.
China reacted quickly to Google's move saying it was "totally wrong" to stop censorship and to blame Beijing for the cyberattacks that Google said targeted email accounts of Chinese human rights activists.
Beijing tightly controls online content in a vast system dubbed the "Great Firewall of China," removing information it deems harmful such as pornography and violent content, but also politically sensitive material.