Joanne Orlando: Onus on parents using iPad as pacifier

Add a comment
Digitally sedating kids is a big can of worms, writes Joanne Orlando.
Research shows that 75 to 80 per cent of parents use technology to placate or distract children. Photo / Getty Images
Research shows that 75 to 80 per cent of parents use technology to placate or distract children. Photo / Getty Images

Do you "iPad your child" when you go to a restaurant?

I couldn't help but notice the 1-year-old at the restaurant table next to me who had been iPadded. That is, an iPad loaded with his favourite animation had been propped up on the table to act as a surrogate babysitter.

While screens can solve short-term issues of keeping children quiet, consistently using them to anaesthetise kids does us all a disservice in the long term.

Research shows that 75 to 80 per cent of parents now use technology to placate or distract children, for example on a long car trip, waiting for a doctor's appointment, when mum or dad is cooking dinner, or when it's nap time.

While this strategy works, it raises important questions about how children will develop all the social skills they need for our world. Screens may ward off kids' complaints (or complaints from adults around us) but we're doing children a disservice if our go-to strategy is always to use technology to keep them quiet.

How can we grumble about kids not knowing how to act in public, or how to manage boredom, when they haven't had the chance to learn those skills?

Technology has enormous potential to support children's learning. But how adults guide that use is key.

Research published in the journal Psychology consistently shows television has for many years been effectively used as a strategy to calm children with identified difficult behaviour, but mobile devices takes this one big step further.

Parents can now calm down - or digitally sedate - wherever and whenever they feel they are losing (or may lose) control over a child's behaviour. It's unlikely that a child will say no to the device being handed to them, therefore it's a parent's responsibility to give this strategy careful thought, especially in terms of how often to use tech as a pacifier.

Most children start using mobile devices in their first year of life and from day one the context around when and why that device is given to them is crucial.

We're doing children a disservice if our go-to strategy is to use technology to keep them quiet.

Is a mobile automatically handed to a child when waiting in line? Is the family iPad or other tablet device mostly used to reward or punish behaviour? Are your devices loaded with apps to keep your child quiet? Is a parent always angry or disappointed with the child when letting them use a device?

Consistent negative uses of technology, which aim to suppress child behaviour, have many long-term implications.

For example, knowing how to change our speech and actions in different social situations comes from engaging in different social scenarios over and over again. If a child is always encouraged to be head-down and focused on their screen when they are in a cafe or on the bus, then they will miss developing these understandings and skills.

Can we really blame them for inappropriate behaviour if they've never had opportunity to become familiar with what is appropriate and understand it? We often lament dinner table conversation or conversation in the car but if the DVD player is always turned on when children get in the car, then the learned behaviour is not talking.

Very different implications are achieved if a device is used in a positive and empowering way, for example when a device is consistently handed to a child at home to support their creativity, imagination, communication and language skills.

Not only is technology being used in a way that will enhance learning, but it's also communicating the understanding that it is an empowering part of our lives.

This is important in the long term if we actually want children to have positive attitudes towards using technology to learn at school and in future employment. Imagine a child's confusion if they were asked to work on an iPad at school, when at home it had only been given to them in response to screaming and bad behaviour.

From a practical point of view, there are times when parents need quiet, but consistently using tablets or mobile devices as the preferred method for achieving it is a problem.

It dumbs down the potential that technology holds for children's learning. It also strips our children of important knowledge and skills for life today.

Consistently demanding children disengage with the world around them and expecting them to be quiet all the time limits their opportunities to learn how to engage confidently with society. It teaches them that they are not important.

They may be having fun using a device, but the message is subliminal. If we want happy and successful children then it's important to take stock of our own actions for developing their behaviour so that technology is an empowering part of children's lives.

theconversation.com

Joanne Orlando is a technology and learning researcher at Western Sydney University.

Get the news delivered straight to your inbox

Receive the day’s news, sport and entertainment in our daily email newsletter

SIGN UP NOW

Have your say

1200 characters left

By and large our readers' comments are respectful and courteous. We're sure you'll fit in well.
View commenting guidelines.

© Copyright 2016, NZME. Publishing Limited

Assembled by: (static) on production apcf03 at 26 Sep 2016 02:14:50 Processing Time: 625ms