Ride-hailing giant Uber's full-year net loss widened to US$4.5 billion ($6.1b) in 2017 as the company endured a tumultuous year that included multiple scandals, a lawsuit alleging the theft of trade secrets and the replacement of its CEO.
The results also showed that Uber cut its fourth-quarter net loss by 25 per cent from the third quarter as new CEO Dara Khosrowshahi moves to make the company profitable ahead of a planned initial public stock offering sometime next year.
The full-year loss grew from US$2.8b in 2016, a year with results skewed by a gain from the sale of Uber's unprofitable business in China. Uber also said its U.S. ride-hailing market share fell from 82 per cent at the start of last year to 70 per cent in the fourth quarter. Uber said the share has now stabilised.
Gross revenue for the year rose 85 per cent over 2016, to US$37b.
For the fourth quarter, Uber's net loss was US$1.1b, down from US$1.46b it lost in the third quarter. Bookings from fares rose 14 per cent to just over US$11b for the quarter.
While the losses are significant, the results still are positive for Uber with revenue rising and losses falling in three of four quarters in 2017, said Rohit Kulkarni, managing director of SharesPost, a research group focused on privately held companies.
The numbers show that Uber under Khosrowshahi is on a path toward profitability and a sustainable economic model, Kulkarni said. "If you draw that out further, a year from now, this could be a significant IPO waiting to happen," he said.
Uber considers adjusted earnings before taxes as a better indicator of its financial performance rather than net earnings based on Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, which include losses for accounting purposes.
On an adjusted basis, excluding stock-based compensation, legal costs, taxes and depreciation, the company lost US$2.2b for the full year. The fourth-quarter adjusted loss was US$475 million, down from US$606m to in the third quarter.
San Francisco-based Uber Technologies Inc.'s results are difficult to report because only pieces are released. Khosrowshahi detailed them on a conference call with investors Tuesday, and the company made some results public by giving them to a website called The Information.
A person briefed on the results provided some numbers and confirmed the accuracy of The Information's story to The Associated Press on Wednesday. The person didn't want to be identified because Uber remains a private company.
Last year was a particularly bad one for Uber with its reputation tarnished by the company's acknowledgement of rampant sexual harassment within its ranks, a yearlong cover-up of a major computer break-in, and the use of duplicitous software to thwart government regulators.
CEO Travis Kalanick was ousted in June and replaced by Khosrowshahi in August.
Earlier this month Uber ended the autonomous vehicle trade secrets lawsuit filed by Alphabet Inc.'s Waymo for a payment of Uber stock valued by Waymo at US$245m.