US stocks and bonds gained after weaker-than-expected retail sales data suggested the Federal Reserve might hold off raising interest rates.
American retail sales were flat in July, following a 0.2 per cent gain in June, according to Commerce Department data. It was the worst performance since January, showing the US consumer is lacking confidence and that US policy makers might keep rates at record lows for longer.
"It will provide Fed Chair Janet Yellen with some of the rationale she needs to justify why the Fed should move gradually and keep interest rates low for longer than hawks within the Fed would like," Diane Swonk, chief economist at Mesirow Financial in Chicago, told Reuters.
That was considered good news for both Wall Street and US Treasuries. In late afternoon trading in New York, the Dow Jones Industrial Average added 0.48 per cent, the Standard & Poor's 500 Index gained 0.61 per cent, while the Nasdaq Composite Index climbed 0.94 per cent.
Gains in shares of Intel and UnitedHealth, last up 2.3 per cent and 1.4 per cent respectively, helped propel the Dow higher.
The US 10-year bond also advanced, pushing its yield four basis points lower to 2.41 per cent.
There was more evidence that the US consumer is reluctant to spend. Shares of Macy's dropped, last down 5.8 per cent, after it reported second-quarter sales that fell short of expectations and downgraded its full-year sales outlook.
Shares of other retailers also fell, with Kohl's sliding 2.3 per cent and Nordstrom shedding 1.4 per cent.
To be sure, some pointed out that they expect the growth in American retail sales to pick up as the labour market gathers steam.
"Given the strong gains in labour market activity, along with other indications of strengthening domestic growth momentum, we expect this slowdown to be short-lived and we look for consumer spending to rebound strongly in the coming months," Millan Mulraine, deputy chief economist at TD Securities in New York, told Reuters.
In Europe, the Stoxx 600 finished the day with a 0.4 per cent increase from the previous close, as did the UK's FTSE 100 Index. France's CAC 40 gained 0.8 per cent, while Germany's DAX advanced 1.4 per cent.
In its quarterly Inflation Report, the Bank of England downgraded its forecasts for wage growth in the UK, and in the process lessened expectations for an imminent rate increase there.
In Greece, the economy shrank 0.2 per cent in the three months through June from the same period last year. The contraction was less than expected, and the lowest in nearly six years.
"We've had a long-term positive trend," Christian Schulz, senior European economist at Berenberg Bank in London, told Bloomberg News. "Whether the confidence can be strong enough to push Greece back into strong growth just yet is open to question."